|Conference Cairns 11-14 May 2004|
The Major threats to the health, productivity and biodiversity of coastal and marine environments result from human activities on land. In many cases water resources (H2O) in streams, rivers and groundwater reservoirs transport pathogens, nutrients, sediments, heavy metals, persistant organic pollutants and litter large distances from the Hilltops to the Oceans.
Globally sewage remains the largest source of contamination, by volume, although industrial pollution and more diffuse sources, such as pollution from certain agricultural practices, and increased sedimentation resulting from deforestation and mining operations, also pose a significant threat to the health and productivity of coastal and marine resources.
The Hilltops-2-Oceans (H2O) Partnership Initiative, launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Partnership in September 2002, aims to strengthen national and regional governance frameworks that protect coastal and marine environments by:
To accomplish the goal of protecting H2O from the Hilltops to Oceans, the Initiative also seeks to expand stakeholder involvement at global, regional and national levels through political, financial and institutional partnerships, alliances and networks between government, intergovernmental and international organisations, NGOs, the private sector, academia, and civil society.
TOWNSVILLE CITY COUNCIL - HEALTHY WATERWAYS & CREEK TO CORAL
Townsville City Council is presenting at the Conference on Council's own Local Government perspectives on total water cycle management and whole of catchment management from a water asset (stormwater; sewage; and water supply) perspective including the environmental protection of wetlands and sustainablity.
Partnerships with Conservation Volunteers Australia (CVA) for the delivery of community waterway management education (including catchment tours, school education, and celebrating water events).
Finally Council is promoting the evolution of its waterway management and Healthy Waterway partnerships to the "Creek to Coral"- "our waterways, our responsibility" partnership between the Queensland Environmental Protection Authority (EPA).